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All about heart valve replacement and repair surgery heart valves heart valve replacement surgery heart valve replacement surgery time heart valve replacement surgery procedure heart valve repair surgery heart valve repair surgery procedure heart valve repair surgery time recovery from heart valve repair/replacement surgery

What's heart valve repair surgery?

Heart valve repair is a surgical procedure used to correct a malfunctioning heart valve. Repair usually involves separating the valve leaflets (the one-way "doors" of the heart valve which open and close to pump blood through the heart) or forcing them

open with a balloon catheter, a technique known as balloon valvuloplasty.

Heart valve repair is performed in a hospital setting by a cardiac surgeon. During valve repair surgery, the patient's heart is stopped, and his/her blood is circulated outside of the body through an extracorporeal bypass circuit, also called heart-lung machine or just “the pump.” The extracorporeal circuit consists of tubing and medical devices that take over the function of the patient's heart and lungs during the procedure. As blood passes through the circuit, carbon dioxide is removed from the bloodstream and replaced with oxygen. The oxygenated blood is then returned to the body. Other components may also be added to the circuit to filter fluids from the blood or concentrate red blood cells.

In cases of valve disease where the leaflets have become fused together, a procedure known as a valvulotomy is performed. In valvulotomy, the leaflets of the valves are surgically separated, or partially resected, with an incision to increase the size of the valve opening. The surgeon may also make adjustments to the chordae, the cord-like tissue that connects the valve leaflets to the ventricle muscles, to improve valve function.

Another valve repair technique, balloon valvuloplasty, is used in patients with pulmonary, aortic, and mitral valve stenosis to force open the valve. Valvuloplasty is similar to a cardiac angioplasty procedure in that it involves the placement of a balloon-tipped catheter into the heart. Once inserted into the valve, the balloon is inflated and the valve dilates, or opens. Valvuloplasty does not require a bypass circuit.

More information on heart valve replacement and repair surgery

Why are heart valve surgeries necessary? - Heart valve disease occurs when a valve doesn't work right. A valve may not open all the way, a valve may have problems closing.
What're heart valves? - The heart is a muscular pump divided into two sides. On the right this is the pulmonary valve. On the right, this is called the tricuspid valve.
What is heart valve replacement surgery? - Heart valve replacement refers to procedures aimed at replacing your own heart valve, rather than repairing your own valve.
When is heart valve replacement surgery necessary? - The reasons for a heart valve replacement vary slightly, depending on which of the four heart valves is involved.
How is the heart valve replacement surgery preformed? - The procedure outlined here is a conventional, open-chest procedure for valve replacement surgery.
What's heart valve repair? - Heart valve repair is a surgical procedure used to correct a malfunctioning heart valve. Repair usually involves separating the valve leaflets.
What're the procedures for heart valve repair surgery? - Heart valve repair can usually be done on congenital valve defects and it has a good success record with treating mitral valve defects.
When is heart valve repair surgery necessary? - A heart valve repair can be performed on a valve that is too narrow to allow sufficient blood to flow through the valve opening (stenosis).
What to expect after heart valve surgery? - Every patient recovers at a different rate. Tubes are removed as recovery progresses. The ICU stay is usually a day or two.
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Topics in heart disease and cardiovascular disorders

Coronary circulation disorders
Myocardium disorders
Heart valve disorders
Arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
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Congenital heart disease
Valvular disease (blood vessels disorders)
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Devices used in cardiology
Diagnostic tests and procedures for heart diseases
Heart transplant
 

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