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All about heart valve replacement and repair surgery heart valves heart valve replacement surgery heart valve replacement surgery time heart valve replacement surgery procedure heart valve repair surgery heart valve repair surgery procedure heart valve repair surgery time recovery from heart valve repair/replacement surgery

When is heart valve replacement surgery necessary?

The reasons for a heart valve replacement vary slightly, depending on which of the four heart valves is involved. As a general

guide, however, you may need a valve replacement for any of the following reasons:
  • The patient have significant valve stenosis (narrowing) or regurgitation (leaking) that is causing severe cardiac symptoms, such as angina (chest pain), shortness of breath, syncope (fainting spells) or symptoms of heart failure.
  • Although the patient’s cardiac symptoms are not yet severe, diagnostic tests show that you have valve stenosis or regurgitation that is beginning to seriously affect your heart function.
  • The patient has milder valve stenosis or regurgitation, but you need open heart surgery for another reason (such as coronary artery bypass). Your problematic heart valve can be replaced during this open heart procedure, correcting the situation before it has the chance to deteriorate.
  • Your heart valve has been damaged severely by endocarditis (infection of the heart valve), or you have endocarditis that is resistant to antibiotics.
  • The patient already has a prosthetic heart valve, but it needs to be replaced because it is leaking or malfunctioning, because you are having recurrent blood clots or infection on the heart valve, or because you are having bleeding problems related to anticoagulants.
  • More information on heart valve replacement and repair surgery

    Why are heart valve surgeries necessary? - Heart valve disease occurs when a valve doesn't work right. A valve may not open all the way, a valve may have problems closing.
    What're heart valves? - The heart is a muscular pump divided into two sides. On the right this is the pulmonary valve. On the right, this is called the tricuspid valve.
    What is heart valve replacement surgery? - Heart valve replacement refers to procedures aimed at replacing your own heart valve, rather than repairing your own valve.
    When is heart valve replacement surgery necessary? - The reasons for a heart valve replacement vary slightly, depending on which of the four heart valves is involved.
    How is the heart valve replacement surgery preformed? - The procedure outlined here is a conventional, open-chest procedure for valve replacement surgery.
    What's heart valve repair? - Heart valve repair is a surgical procedure used to correct a malfunctioning heart valve. Repair usually involves separating the valve leaflets.
    What're the procedures for heart valve repair surgery? - Heart valve repair can usually be done on congenital valve defects and it has a good success record with treating mitral valve defects.
    When is heart valve repair surgery necessary? - A heart valve repair can be performed on a valve that is too narrow to allow sufficient blood to flow through the valve opening (stenosis).
    What to expect after heart valve surgery? - Every patient recovers at a different rate. Tubes are removed as recovery progresses. The ICU stay is usually a day or two.
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    Topics in heart disease and cardiovascular disorders

    Coronary circulation disorders
    Myocardium disorders
    Heart valve disorders
    Arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
    Heart inflammation and infection
    Congenital heart disease
    Valvular disease (blood vessels disorders)
    Procedures done for coronary artery disease
    Devices used in cardiology
    Diagnostic tests and procedures for heart diseases
    Heart transplant
     

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    All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005